Valium, like Xanax, is a benzodiazepine that is used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and muscle spasms. Its generic name is Diazepam and it is listed as a Schedule IV drug under the Controlled Substances Act. Although it is only a Schedule IV drug, it can be potentially physically and psychologically addictive. One should not mix alcohol with Valium as its sedative effects will be intensified. Valium should also be avoided by patients that have liver disease or symptoms of a liver disease.
Valium should not be taken for a continuous period of over four months. However, sudden cessation of dosages can have potentially harmful or unpleasant effects and patients should discuss weaning off of the medication with their doctors. Symptoms of withdrawal could include insomnia, perspiration, vomiting, tremors, and irregular thoughts.
Valium should be used with special caution in young and elderly patients. Valium has also been shown to cause birth defects so women who are pregnant should avoid using it or discuss a specific regimen with their doctors.